The Ming dynasty (–) arose following a series of natural disasters that hit China during the early and middle s, adding to the misery of a people. The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the Empire of the Great Ming – for years (–) following the collapse of the Hongwu Emperor · List of emperors of the Ming · Chongzhen Emperor · Li Zicheng. In , Zhu Yuanzhang officially proclaimed himself emperor in Yingtian and founded the Ming Dynasty. The Yuan -supported Tibetan lamas fell from favor, and the early Ming emperors particularly favored Taoism, granting its practitioners many positions in the state's ritual offices. In , the Portuguese convinced the Ming court to agree to a treaty that made Macau a legal trading port of the Portuguese. After the dynastic head of the Red Turbans suspiciously died in while a guest of Zhu, there was no one left who was remotely capable of contesting his march to the throne, and he made his imperial ambitions known by sending an army toward the Yuan capital Dadu present-day Beijing in Mandarin Other Chinese languages Other languages: Ming poetry Ming dynasty painting Four Masters of the Ming dynasty Wu School Zhe school Chinese lacquerware table Ming presentation porcelain Covered jar with carp design Yongning Temple Stele Economy of the Ming dynasty Ming dynasty Tai history Islam during the Ming dynasty. The Chinese had sent diplomatic missions over land since the Han dynasty BCE — CE and engaged in seriose casinos online overseas tradebut these missions were unprecedented in grandeur and scale. Inthe Ming dynasty annexed the areas of the southwest that had once been part of the Kingdom of Daliwhich was annihilated by the Mongols in the s and became established as the Yunnan Province under Yuan dynasty later on. University of California Press. Further reading [ edit ] John W. Beginning inthe Yongle Emperor entrusted his favored eunuch commander Zheng He — as the admiral for a gigantic new fleet of ships designated for international tributary missions. Although the Yongle Emperor ordered episodes of bloody purges like his father—including the execution of Fang Xiaoruwho refused to draft the proclamation of his succession—the emperor had a different attitude about the scholar-officials. By sportwetten magazin com end of the 14th century, somemilitary colonists settled some 2, muacres of land in what is now Yunnan and Guizhou. The houses of the rich were also furnished with rosewood furniture and feathery latticework. The Hongwu Emperor ruled —98 attempted to create a society of self-sufficient rural communities ordered in a rigid, immobile system that would guarantee and support a permanent class of soldiers for his dynasty: In contrast to Xu Xiake, who focused on technical aspects in his travel literature, the Chinese poet and official Yuan Hongdao — used travel literature to express his desires for individualism as well as autonomy from and frustration with Confucian court politics. Die Ming konnten das Reich der Mitte als bedeutendste See- und Wirtschaftsmacht in Ostasien behaupten. Tens of millions of people died or became homeless. Clashes with Mongols were nearly incessant. China's Muslim Hui community: Paul's College on Macau after its founding in During his reign, the population increased quickly. Born inZhu Yuanzhang was an ordinary boy among tens of thousands of poor peasants. The Hall of Eminent Greenfelt addiction at the Ming tombs complex, near Beijing.